A comparative study of DFID's aid strategy in India, China and Vietnam. The objective of the consultancy was to: (a) review the different aid instruments currently being used in terms of policy influence and impact on poverty outcomes; and (b) make recommendations concerning the appropriate balance and synergies between different types of aid instruments for different country contexts.

The objective of this Agriculture and Rural Development Public Expenditure Review (PER) is to contribute to the preparation of the proposed poverty reduction and rural development operation in the Central Region through consolidating lessons learned from the recent period Public Expenditure Management (PEM), and making recommendations on how selected provinces and central agencies in charge of the implementation or coordination of related programs can effectively and efficiently use available financial resources for achieving the rural development and poverty reduction goals set out in core strategies/development plans for the forthcoming period. The PER is also expected to help address systematic PEM issues in the Agriculture and Rural Development sector by informing boarder institutional and public spending reforms at the national level

The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been one of the donors of Debt Management and Financial Analysis System Program (DMFAS) of UNCTAD, for more than a decade. The last commitment for financing the program ended in 2008. For making a sound decision on their role and on contributions in the future they requested to have an assessment of DMFAS.  The aim of this assessment is to provide insight into the development, management and implementation of the program since May 2005, indicate any problems that arose and how they were dealt with them, record results both interim and final, and to recommend improvements. The emphasis of the evaluation is on the policy relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of the program. The result contains recommendations for the MFA’s future contributions to DMFAS as well as findings and recommendations on the overall policies and operations of the program.

The objectives of the this project were to: review the housing loan offer in Vietnam and assess the accessibility potential for poor families with no collateral; assess the feasibility of the sustainable revolving fund for the poor for preventive strengthening of houses against damage caused by natural disasters in Central Vietnam; and evaluate house strengthening costs over the past five years, with regards to inflation, the profile of borrowing, minimum subsidy and direct cash or non-cash contributions by families.

Vietnam copes with rapid urbanization, decentralization, high rates of economic growth, and globalization. There was wide agreement that a significant investment gap exists vis-à-vis municipal infrastructure investment. At the time, it was unlikely that the private financial markets in Vietnam were going to become in the near to medium term adequately deep or broad enough to meet Vietnam’s infrastructure financing needs. The absence of an appropriate institutional and legal framework at the provincial level for attracting private capital in infrastructure further compounded the problem. In general, Vietnam had not yet been able to establish appropriate channels for attracting direct and indirect long-term private sector investment into developmental infrastructure.