This project consisted of a survey of microfinance in Vietnam as a follow-up to a similar UNDP survey in 1996. The need was not simply due to the time lapse, but also because larger multilateral donors were showing greater interest in funding microfinance activity. It was, therefore, a good time to survey the sector and identify strategic issues and “lessons learned” for their benefit. The results of the survey were presented to more than 100 representatives in Vietnam and overseas. The survey and report focused on rural microfinance schemes, particularly those aimed at improving the lives of the poor.
The China Enterprise Survey 2010 (China ES 2010) is a World Bank Group (the World Bank) program that with the goal of standardization in order to reduce measurement error and improve cross- country comparability with other enterprise surveys. The goals is to make the China ES 2010 fully compatible with the approach of the Enterprise surveys that the Enterprise Analysis Unit of the World Bank has been implementing for the last four years in other regions of the world. Standardizing survey instruments, survey methodology and survey implementation serves to significantly reduce measurement error and improves cross-country comparability.
Study that provided inputs into the University of East Anglia (UK) project on Globalisation, Production and Poverty: Macro, meso and micro level studies. The overall objective of the project was to analyse the impacts of closer integration with the global economy on incomes, particularly of the poor, in four countries, Bangladesh, Kenya, South Africa and Vietnam.
The UNDP-Netherlands jointly-funded project to support the Machinery for the Advancement of Women to Mainstream Gender in National Policy and Planning with the specific output of “increased understanding of emerging gender issues” sought to evaluate the effects of Vietnam’s economic integration on women. The aims of the research were to find out the disparities between men and women, and other critical gender issues in the economic integration period and other issues of concern in key sectors for macro-level policy attention. The study focused on the key sectors of garments and footwear, where women’s participation is significant.
The East Asia Pacific Enterprise Survey Initiative (the Initiative) was a World Bank Group (the World Bank) program that consolidated and standardized the Enterprise Surveys (formerly the Investment Climate Surveys). The goal was to have implementing contractors use a standardize method to survey the manufacturing and retail sectors in Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Papa New Guinea, Lao PDR, Fiji, Samoa, Timor Leste, Vanuatu, Tonga, and Micronesia. Standardizing survey instruments, survey methodology and survey implementation, would significantly reduce measurement error and improve cross-country comparability.
The overall objective of the project was to contribute to the development, implementation and monitoring of national pro-poor policies and socio-economic development plans (SEDP) by monitoring and reporting on MDG progress that is incorporated into national SEDP and policies. This was achieved through support to strengthening national capacity for MDGs/VDGs monitoring and reporting. The 2008 MDG Report (i) reported on the progress towards achieving MDGs at both national and local levels, (ii) served as the national tool for monitoring VDGs/MDGs and (iii) provided inputs to the mid-term review and terminal review of the implementation process of the five year SEDP 2006-2020 in 2008 and 2010 respectively. It also contributed to the preparation of the SEDP 2011-2015.
Vietnam introduced an economic stimulus package in December 2008 in response to the 2008-2009 global financial crisis. The purpose of this study was to identify key gender issues of the Vietnamese economic stimulus package for a future gender assessment of the Government’s economic strategies and to develop recommendations for future economic stimulus packages to ensure that they address the differential impacts of economic crises and responses on Vietnamese women and men.
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) has been appointed to carry out the research project entitled “Measuring the Economic Benefits of Competition”. Five countries (Kenya, Zambia, Ghana, Vietnam and Pakistan) and four markets (sugar, beer, cement and mobile phones) have been chosen as the focus of analysis. In 2009 these four markets were analysed in each country. The analysis in each case examined the policy context, business environment, degree of competition and market outcomes. During the analysis, missions took place in each country for two weeks and were attended by two to three team members from the UK. During the mission, the team met with the relevant competition authorities, regulators, trade associations, market players, consumer associations, researchers, advocacy groups and other relevant parties to discuss the project and obtain information. After the mission, a country-specific report was written covering each of the four markets. On completion of all five country missions a final report was prepared, bringing together and comparing the market findings from each country. The dissemination phase consisted of presenting the findings to relevant stakeholders in each of the countries studied.
The overall objective of the study was to assess how the trade and trade-related provisions of the FTA being negotiated between the EU and ASEAN could affect social, environmental and developmental issues in the EU area and in ASEAN member countries.
This report mapped trends of anti-dumping and NME status since 1978 to date by both the US Department of Commerce (DoC) and the European Commission (EC) and uses China and Vietnam as case-studies throughout. The definitions as applied by the EC and the US DoC are presented and analysed comparatively to other developed and developing countries. A literature review was carried out that tried to measure the cost to a developing country from being classified as a NME, including discussion of the most recent application of Countervailing Duties (CVD’s) to China. The formal criteria specified by the EC and the US DoC were analysed against recent NME graduates, and non-graduates, and also countries that have never been classified.