This project consisted of a survey of microfinance in Vietnam as a follow-up to a similar UNDP survey in 1996. The need was not simply due to the time lapse, but also because larger multilateral donors were showing greater interest in funding microfinance activity. It was, therefore, a good time to survey the sector and identify strategic issues and “lessons learned” for their benefit. The results of the survey were presented to more than 100 representatives in Vietnam and overseas. The survey and report focused on rural microfinance schemes, particularly those aimed at improving the lives of the poor.
The China Enterprise Survey 2010 (China ES 2010) is a World Bank Group (the World Bank) program that with the goal of standardization in order to reduce measurement error and improve cross- country comparability with other enterprise surveys. The goals is to make the China ES 2010 fully compatible with the approach of the Enterprise surveys that the Enterprise Analysis Unit of the World Bank has been implementing for the last four years in other regions of the world. Standardizing survey instruments, survey methodology and survey implementation serves to significantly reduce measurement error and improves cross-country comparability.
Study that provided inputs into the University of East Anglia (UK) project on Globalisation, Production and Poverty: Macro, meso and micro level studies. The overall objective of the project was to analyse the impacts of closer integration with the global economy on incomes, particularly of the poor, in four countries, Bangladesh, Kenya, South Africa and Vietnam.
The UNDP-Netherlands jointly-funded project to support the Machinery for the Advancement of Women to Mainstream Gender in National Policy and Planning with the specific output of “increased understanding of emerging gender issues” sought to evaluate the effects of Vietnam’s economic integration on women. The aims of the research were to find out the disparities between men and women, and other critical gender issues in the economic integration period and other issues of concern in key sectors for macro-level policy attention. The study focused on the key sectors of garments and footwear, where women’s participation is significant.
There has been substantial research on poverty, mostly based on two Vietnam Living Standards Surveys (VLSS). Most if it has been focused on targeting issues (“who are the poor?”), thereby identifying households “left behind” and their characteristics. This research aimed to focus on the short-run effects of price changes on poverty in Vietnam.
Has globalization by-passed poorer developing countries with which Finland is intensifying its relations? What has happened to poverty and inequality in these countries? What does the impact of globalization look like from their perspective? This study endeavored to provide materials towards answering such questions for Mozambique, Nepal, Tanzania, and Vietnam – the main partner countries of Finland. Undertaken by a group of scholars from these countries, under the coordination of the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Helsinki, the study was based on first-hand southern sources and direct experiences and provided a southern view of the impacts of what is called globalization.
This was one of two country case studies looking at the topic of “social capital”, which describes how enterprise leaders work together with coordinating organizations (Corporations, Associations, Unions, Clubs, etc.) to improve their competitiveness. Business success comes from a balance of competition and cooperation. Vietnam has a long history of cooperation between enterprises, but the forms and purposes of cooperation are changing with the market economy. The Vietnam study focused exclusively on the leather and footwear industries in and around Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
The Asian Development Outlook, popularly known as the ADO, is a series of annual economic reports on the developing member countries (DMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The ADO provides a comprehensive analysis of macroeconomic and development issues for the DMCs of ADB.
A pan-Asian research project studying the role of industrial clusters using the “new economic geography”. Previous research and the hypothesis of this study maintained that industrial agglomerations are summarized into four categories: (1) clusters where locally specialized items are produced or local product districts; (2) clusters where a large core firm has many subcontracting or parts makers surrounding it or the so-called industrial castle town; (3) clusters in large cities where lots of basic production processes are treated or urban processing clusters; and (4) government-led industrial parks and estates often seen in developing countries.
This was a multi-country study to determine the impact of general budget support as an aid modality. Countries covered were Burkina Faso, Malawi, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Rwanda, Uganda and Vietnam. GBS was studied in terms of donor harmonization, transactions costs, allocative efficiency and accountability, and impact on public administration, poverty and macroeconomic stability.