The UNDP-Netherlands jointly-funded project to support the Machinery for the Advancement of Women to Mainstream Gender in National Policy and Planning with the specific output of “increased understanding of emerging gender issues” sought to evaluate the effects of Vietnam’s economic integration on women. The aims of the research were to find out the disparities between men and women, and other critical gender issues in the economic integration period and other issues of concern in key sectors for macro-level policy attention. The study focused on the key sectors of garments and footwear, where women’s participation is significant.