In the Lao PDR, the German Government, through the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), has two sectoral programs: 1). The ‘Human Resource Development for a Market Economy’ (HRDME) Program dealing with issues of Framework Conditions for economic development, labour market-oriented vocational education & training as well as the promotion of SME’s at the national level 2). The Rural Development of Mountainous Areas (RDMA) Program in Northern Lao PDR. Under the HRDME Program research was conducted on the impacts of large foreign investment projects has on SMEs. In this assignment the objective was to undertake two cases studies on the negative and positive socio-economic impacts of large/foreign investment on the national and local economy, more specifically Lao Brewery and Lang Xane Minerals.