Beginning in 2008, the world experienced a severe economic downturn that has impacted multifarious sectors of many countries’ economies. While developed economies suffered from the impact of this crisis, trade was a relevant factor in transmitting the impacts of this crisis to the developing countries. In Vietnam, the importance of education and learning has been highly regarded and could be considered as one of the reasons for successful expansion of educational provisions over the last decade. This tradition seemed likely to continue despite some economic hardships; however, sudden and significant decrease in family income due to unemployment or revenue forces families to make difficult decisions, which may impact the education of their children. In particular, the impact of decreased income is severe on the poor and marginalized minorities. 

In the Lao PDR, the German Government, through the Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), has two sectoral programs: 1). The ‘Human Resource Development for a Market Economy’ (HRDME) Program dealing with issues of Framework Conditions for economic development, labour market-oriented vocational education & training as well as the promotion of SME’s at the national level 2). The Rural Development of Mountainous Areas (RDMA) Program in Northern Lao PDR. Under the HRDME Program research was conducted on the impacts of large foreign investment projects has on SMEs. In this assignment the objective was to undertake two cases studies on the negative and positive socio-economic impacts of large/foreign investment on the national and local economy, more specifically Lao Brewery and Lang Xane Minerals.

This project was a manifestation of the overall movement of ASEAN towards encouraging the development of service-based trade economies, as part of its general objective to promote economic growth through liberalisation. The project investigated and identified obstacles to this transition, and the final report recommended methods to facilitate deeper and continued liberalisation of trade in services within the ASEAN community. The main aims of this SDNAS were firstly to determine the capacity building needs required to open up trade in selected service sectors across both individual ASEAN Member States (AMS) and the wider ASEAN region, and secondly to propose an integrated work plan that recommends follow-up actions to address those needs. 

The Vietnam-Australia Training Project was a bilateral aid project funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) providing short-term training activities in Vietnam. The goal of the VAT Project was to support the Government of Vietnam’s Human Resource Development objectives through the provision of appropriate English language and technical skills to Government employees and applicants to Australian Development Scholarships (ADS).

The proposed Training Needs Analysis (TNA) was for a training program by the VAT Project in the area of international economic and trade issues, based on the experience in implementing previous related courses in international commercial law, the AusAID Country Strategy for Vietnam and the training priorities of the GOV.

The Multilateral Trade Assistance Project Vietnam II, a continuation of MUTRAP I and its extension and bridging phases, was financed by the European Commission in partnership with the Ministry of Industry and Trade, MOIT, which is also the executing agency. The project’s purpose was to “strengthen the capacity of the government of Vietnam and Vietnamese stakeholders for managing WTO accession and meet their commitments and challenges from other international and regional trade related agreements.”

Study that provided inputs into the University of East Anglia (UK) project on Globalisation, Production and Poverty: Macro, meso and micro level studies. The overall objective of the project was to analyse the impacts of closer integration with the global economy on incomes, particularly of the poor, in four countries, Bangladesh, Kenya, South Africa and Vietnam.

This project examined the current role of Hong Kong FDI in Southeast Asia. It did this through a focus on three economies (Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia), where Hong Kong FDI has historically been important. Mekong Economics Ltd. was requested to conduct a questionnaire with managers of selected small to medium-sized Hong Kong-invested companies in Vietnam. Since the early 1990s developing economies have become increasingly open to FDI. The objective of the research was to understand the impact of FDI, and in particular that from Hong Kong. 

The global objective of this assignment was to implement the evaluation of the additional EC contribution to the newly joined countries as well as to assess the project’s overall achievements to date in terms of sustainability, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and relevance.

The project had three primary objectives: 1). Give a set of recommendations for policy-makers and for garment business managers, which would spill over to the development of other industries in terms of both government policy and business managerial procedures. The scope and approach of governmental intervention on the garment sector provided lessons for policy-makers to apply to other sectors such as furniture, footwear and food processing sectors. 2). Contribute to the understanding that governmental intervention can reduce the negative effects of globalization while strengthening the benefits of liberalization, which is a controversial topic among international scholars 3). Propose policies and strategies to help Vietnam’s garment firms to overcome the challenges of the changes in international trade regimes.

The International Trade Department of the World Bank in Washington, DC undertook a project to benchmark and assess the performance of special economic zones in a number of developing countries. The two main objectives were to: (i) develop structured indicators on performance of SEZs; and (ii) identify features of well-designed and managed SEZs that facilitate the achievement of policy objectives. Vietnam was selected as a country in which to conduct this research. The project included two parts: surveys and one case study. The respondents of the surveys are firms operating in three export processing zones: Linh Trung 1, Linh Trung 2 and Tan Thuan and in 10 economic zones scattered across the country