In 2006, the Ministry of Transport (MoT) of Vietnam requested JBIC to proceed with a new project management unit (PMU) management system to use for Japanese transport sector ODA projects. JBIC decided to review the implementing mechanisms of JBIC transport sector projects, identify issues and problems and examine measures for more effective and efficient implementation of JBIC projects through referencing revised legal documents. The study required the Consultant to review policies and legal documents regarding the implementation and management of JBIC ODA projects in Vietnam and to propose concrete recommendations taking into account lessons learned from the past and current projects implemented and managed by PMUs in various sectors in Vietnam.