The sector analyses for the mechanical engineering and plastics sectors were produced for the Danish Embassy to distribute to potential Danish investors in Vietnam as a part of the Royal Danish Embassy in Hanoi’s Commercial Services program. The sector analyses were made available on the Royal Danish Embassy in Hanoi’s website: www.ambhanoi.um.dk.

The Getting Financial Services Survey Initiative was a new World Bank Group program which had been launched for the first time in 2007. The goal was to collect information on availability of a spectrum of retail financial services through the principal commercial banks of a country, and to understand how such services could be expanded or strengthened. The program was initially launched in a pilot group of 30-50 countries world wide, with the aim of achieving global coverage within a year. A standardized survey instrument was used across all countries to ensure cross-country comparability.

The objective of the project was to produce a report of practical use to Australian and New Zealand firms who work in development across a range of areas (including engineering, infrastructure design, governance, and vocational education and training) with the aim of increasing knowledge of and access to job opportunities in the development industry. The report was presented at the ‘Developing Cambodia 2010’ seminar hosted by Austrade and NZTE in Phnom Penh.

This was one of two country case studies looking at the topic of “social capital”, which describes how enterprise leaders work together with coordinating organizations (Corporations, Associations, Unions, Clubs, etc.) to improve their competitiveness. Business success comes from a balance of competition and cooperation. Vietnam has a long history of cooperation between enterprises, but the forms and purposes of cooperation are changing with the market economy. The Vietnam study focused exclusively on the leather and footwear industries in and around Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. 

A pan-Asian research project studying the role of industrial clusters using the “new economic geography”. Previous research and the hypothesis of this study maintained that industrial agglomerations are summarized into four categories: (1) clusters where locally specialized items are produced or local product districts; (2) clusters where a large core firm has many subcontracting or parts makers surrounding it or the so-called industrial castle town; (3) clusters in large cities where lots of basic production processes are treated or urban processing clusters; and (4) government-led industrial parks and estates often seen in developing countries.

The East Asia Pacific Enterprise Survey Initiative (the Initiative) was a World Bank Group (the World Bank) program that consolidated and standardized the Enterprise Surveys (formerly the Investment Climate Surveys). The goal was to have implementing contractors use a standardize method to survey the manufacturing and retail sectors in Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Papa New Guinea, Lao PDR, Fiji, Samoa, Timor Leste, Vanuatu, Tonga, and Micronesia. Standardizing survey instruments, survey methodology and survey implementation, would significantly reduce measurement error and improve cross-country comparability. 

The Project was the second stage of a policy study for the UNDP’s Regional Energy Programme for Poverty Reduction (REP-PoR). The ultimate goal of the project was to arrive at policy recommendations to governments and to the UNDP on how to minimise the negative impacts and increase the benefits of trade on the poor within the context of helping countries meet their Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The study as a whole had components at the global, regional and national levels. The overall project examines the linkages between international energy trade and poverty in the Asia-Pacific context. The study was supported by multiple national level case studies.