JICA has financially supported numerous rural and poor provinces to improve their basic small-scale infrastructures to promote growth in rural economies and reduce poverty. JICA has also extended its technical cooperation to the Hoa Binh Provincial DPI to plan and implement their Socio-Economic Development Plan. Its recent move to the four provinces in the Northwest region is to promote artisan craft through working with local government from the start (planning) to the end (completion and O&M).

The following two initiatives were assessed as part of the “Evaluation of the performance of the Belgium Technical Cooperation (BTC) 2009” 1).Strengthening of the institutional capacity of the Vietnam Women’s Union to manage savings and credit programs for rural poor women (phase II) ((Social Development through Micro-credit) 2). Supporting the Public Administrative Reform Programme in Can Tho Province. The main objectives of the evaluation were to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of these two initiatives and improve the performance of BTC through lessons learned and recommendations.

There has been substantial research on poverty, mostly based on two Vietnam Living Standards Surveys (VLSS). Most if it has been focused on targeting issues (“who are the poor?”), thereby identifying households “left behind” and their characteristics. This research aimed to focus on the short-run effects of price changes on poverty in Vietnam. 

The project “Strengthening the Capacity of the Office of Government (OOG)” was funded by a Danish bilateral grant of DKK 14,915,000 within the overall framework of supporting the economic reform process of Vietnam. The project implementation period was April 2002-October 2004.

The aim of the project was to increase understanding and receptiveness towards economic integration in Hai Duong and Tay Ninh provinces through capacity building in the Hai Duong and Tay Ninh Provincial Political Schools. Initially, the project was designed to deliver training-of-trainers to the core economics teaching staff in the two schools covering new teaching methodologies, curriculum design and how to conduct a training needs analysis. The main part of the project aimed to support the two provinces in developing a new course for local-level civil servants covering “globalisation and economic integration”. The course consisted of two separate modules: a common first module covering globalisation and economic integration in general; and separate second module covering issues relevant to each province.

The Rural Enterprise Expansion Project (REEP) implemented by Oxfam Quebec aimed to improve rural livelihoods through support to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) in rural areas. The outcomes of the project were; 1) an improved environment to foster the development of MSME, including women owned enterprises, in poor rural communities in Hai Duong, Quang Ninh and Thanh Hoa, and 2) the increased viability and number of MSME, including women-owned enterprises.