The Action Program (AP) 2015, officially launched in April 2001 as an international commitment, is the German Government’s contribution to halving worldwide poverty by 2015. The program was based on a comprehensive approach which aimed at getting involved in institutions at the international level, both in partner countries and Germany, Europe and other industrial nations in the German Government’s poverty reduction efforts. 

In 2003, Vietnam started implementation of new components under the AP 2015 program: Social Security for the Poor, Poverty-oriented Impact Monitoring, Implementation of the Millennium Development Goals and Poverty and Gender-Oriented Budget Planning. The activity involved advising the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs(MOLISA) on how to adjust its annual sector plan to CPRGS objectives is one of five activities falling under the Social Security for the Poor. 

Mekong Economics designed and developed materials and conducted the “Executive Seminar Series” consisting of eight 3-hour seminars.      

This project consisted of a quick scan of compliance cost for business caused by a selection of (potentially) burdensome legal domains. This was the first practical step of component one of the Vietnam Private Sector Support Program 1) Simplification and strengthening of the SME environment at the provincial level. Within the quick scan, indicative estimations were made of the compliance cost on business of several legal domains. The main purpose of this activity was to provide input for the selection of four main regulatory domains for a detailed baseline measurement using the Mistral methodology at a later stage in the Program.

Prior research into the political economy of Vietnam generally lacked a comprehensive framework for understanding the key relationships within the Vietnamese system. This research project intended to develop a suitable analytical framework for understanding the political economy of Vietnam. For this, a review of the international theoretical literature was conducted, from which an analytical framework for modeling the situation in Vietnam was constructed. The project sought to develop suitable analytical frameworks around two themes: grassroots democracy and the influence of research on policy formation

In 2006, the Ministry of Transport (MoT) of Vietnam requested JBIC to proceed with a new project management unit (PMU) management system to use for Japanese transport sector ODA projects. JBIC decided to review the implementing mechanisms of JBIC transport sector projects, identify issues and problems and examine measures for more effective and efficient implementation of JBIC projects through referencing revised legal documents. The study required the Consultant to review policies and legal documents regarding the implementation and management of JBIC ODA projects in Vietnam and to propose concrete recommendations taking into account lessons learned from the past and current projects implemented and managed by PMUs in various sectors in Vietnam.

The project provided Sida information about anti-corruption strategies and analytical tools of various donor and multilateral organisations. It also supported the line organisation in developing and applying approaches and methods that aided Sida in: transitioning from a project based approach to a program approach, introducing a rating system, improving efforts to combat corruption and increasing capacity development.

The project titled: “Policy Research Capacity Strengthening to Implement Vietnam’s 2001-2010 Socio-economic Strategy”, launched in 2002, was supported by Sida through the Embassy of Sweden in Hanoi. The specific objectives were to: increase quality and quantity of policy reports and recommendations made by research institutions to the Prime Minister; strengthen policy research capacity to push up economic reform, international economic integration and regional cooperation of Vietnam; assist human resource development in economic policy research and policy making; and increase the quality of policy research to fulfil the ad-hoc mission assigned by the Government and PM.

an assessment of actual resource use at service delivery levels concerning public funds were discussed. Following these discussions, it was agreed to present and discuss draft terms of references for conducting a Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) with focus on NTP-E funding. While the discussions at that time centered on NTP-E funding, consecutive discussions between the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Hanoi and the GoV led to an agreement to conduct a PETS with a broader scope. The main objectives for the survey were to assess of the effectiveness and efficiency in public transfers for the education sector and institutionalize PETS to be expanded upon and replicated in other sectors under the management of MoF. The scope of the survey was discussed extensively with representatives of MoF and MoET. It was agreed to conduct the survey as “building blocks” with the first survey as a pilot survey in a select few provinces and in one sub-sector; primary education.

The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) undertook extensive planning activities to design three projects focusing on budget support for SME and agricultural development. in the provinces of Soc Trang, Ha Tinh, and Thanh Hoa. Alignment of CIDA funding to the provinces' plans and systems was the program's main strategy. This required significant upfront institutional capacity and risk assessments. MKE collaborated with CIDA and the provinces of ST, HT and TH to conduct capacity and risk assessments. The assessment’s intent was to assist CIDA and its provincial partners in completing the design of their three development initiatives. It assisted CIDA in: 1) furthering its understanding of PFM in Vietnam, in particular at the provincial level; 2) assessing the provinces’ capacity to carry out its main public financial management functions; and 3) assessing the associated fiduciary risks in each provincial context.

The assessment of the provinces of Soc Trang and Ha Tinh was carried out to assess the functional capacities of the key provincial organizations for delivering provincial programming in key areas identified. The assessment also determined how CIDA could best strengthen the provincial functional capacity to meet their objectives and expected results in specific areas identified for support (i.e. public financial management, small-scale infrastructures, small and medium enterprises – SME development, agriculture and rural livelihoods).