The Government of Timor Leste, through its National Statistics Directorate, was about to finalize its second Survey of Living Standards (TLSLS-2007) in February 2008. The completion of this survey was an important accomplishment in producing relevant and detailed socioeconomic data that can guide the policy decisions in the country across a wide range of sectors. As part of its work in the country, the World Bank had an interest in deepening its understanding of four themes that were not covered in the questionnaire of the TLSLS-2007, specifically issues of households’: (a) vulnerability to shocks, (b) access to financial services, (c) land management techniques and (d) perceptions and use of community dispute mechanisms.