The program for access Improvement to Markets in the Eastern Region of East Timor Leste (AIM) directly supported the National Development Plan designed to facilitate the country’s economic and social development through the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the bridge network in potentially rich agricultural districts in the Eastern region, namely Viqueque and Lautern. The project was originally designed for 2.5 years until end of 2006 but was extended to the end of 2008 with an additional USD 700,000 contribution from the Government of Timor Leste.

The East Asia Pacific Enterprise Survey Initiative (the Initiative) was a World Bank Group (the World Bank) program that consolidated and standardized the Enterprise Surveys (formerly the Investment Climate Surveys). The goal was to have implementing contractors use a standardize method to survey the manufacturing and retail sectors in Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Papa New Guinea, Lao PDR, Fiji, Samoa, Timor Leste, Vanuatu, Tonga, and Micronesia. Standardizing survey instruments, survey methodology and survey implementation, would significantly reduce measurement error and improve cross-country comparability. 

The objectives of the this project were to: establish a base-line for AMCAP and OCAP, with a data-base system installed (Ainaro, Manatuto Community Activation Project); establish a functional monitoring system, whereby the above established indicators can be effectively tracked to determine progress; ensure that the relevant AMCAP and OCAP staff are trained in the effective use of the system, whereby they can independently operate it; and link-up and build capacities of staff within the National Statistical Department (NSD) in relation to the design, analysis and development of the poverty profiling exercise.

The Government of Timor Leste, through its National Statistics Directorate, was about to finalize its second Survey of Living Standards (TLSLS-2007) in February 2008. The completion of this survey was an important accomplishment in producing relevant and detailed socioeconomic data that can guide the policy decisions in the country across a wide range of sectors. As part of its work in the country, the World Bank had an interest in deepening its understanding of four themes that were not covered in the questionnaire of the TLSLS-2007, specifically issues of households’: (a) vulnerability to shocks, (b) access to financial services, (c) land management techniques and (d) perceptions and use of community dispute mechanisms.