The Ministry of Education and Training in Vietnam implemented a 3-year project to improve the quality of the primary teacher training system. This component aimed at revising the regulations and compensation mechanism to enable teachers to provide full day schooling, for schools to teach all subjects in a new primary curriculum and to improve deployment of teachers. The component also aimed at establishing a link between salaries and professional performance as well as ensuring the appropriate appointment, assessment, rewards and sanctions for teachers in schools. The provision of international consultancy services built upon the existing research and consultation plans and provided guidance and technical support for the implementation of the component.