The purpose of the project was to undertake research and analysis and produce two chapters used by ABARE in their project “Minerals Sector Issues Affecting Sustainable Development in the APEC Region”. The research involved undertaking a broad overview of the minerals sector in APEC, drawing out common features of the minerals sectors of different APEC economies, and presenting an overview of the key issues affecting the minerals sector in APEC economies and some key general policy principles to address these issues. This project work built on MKE’s previous work on the minerals sector in the ASEAN region undertaken in partnership with ABARE.