The purpose of the project was to undertake research and analysis and produce two chapters used by ABARE in their project “Minerals Sector Issues Affecting Sustainable Development in the APEC Region”. The research involved undertaking a broad overview of the minerals sector in APEC, drawing out common features of the minerals sectors of different APEC economies, and presenting an overview of the key issues affecting the minerals sector in APEC economies and some key general policy principles to address these issues. This project work built on MKE’s previous work on the minerals sector in the ASEAN region undertaken in partnership with ABARE.

The Getting Financial Services Survey Initiative was a new World Bank Group program which had been launched for the first time in 2007. The goal was to collect information on availability of a spectrum of retail financial services through the principal commercial banks of a country, and to understand how such services could be expanded or strengthened. The program was initially launched in a pilot group of 30-50 countries world wide, with the aim of achieving global coverage within a year. A standardized survey instrument was used across all countries to ensure cross-country comparability.

The 6th ASEAN Senior Officials Meeting on Minerals (ASOMM) at Vientiane, Lao PDR, on July 2004, requested that the ASEAN Secretariat explore options for undertaking a study on ‘Promoting Sustainable Minerals Trade and Investment in ASEAN’. In response to this request, the ASEAN Secretariat, through the ASEAN-Australia Development Cooperation Program (AADCP) Regional Economic Policy Support Facility (REPSF), contracted ABARE and MKE to undertake REPSF project no. 04/009 Enhancing ASEAN Minerals Trade and Investment.

The East Asia Pacific Enterprise Survey Initiative (the Initiative) was a World Bank Group (the World Bank) program that consolidated and standardized the Enterprise Surveys (formerly the Investment Climate Surveys). The goal was to have implementing contractors use a standardize method to survey the manufacturing and retail sectors in Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Papa New Guinea, Lao PDR, Fiji, Samoa, Timor Leste, Vanuatu, Tonga, and Micronesia. Standardizing survey instruments, survey methodology and survey implementation, would significantly reduce measurement error and improve cross-country comparability. 

The overall objective of the study was to assess how the trade and trade-related provisions of the FTA being negotiated between the EU and ASEAN could affect social, environmental and developmental issues in the EU area and in ASEAN member countries.