Economic growth and rapid urbanization have led in recent years to degradation of the environmental situation in the urban centers of Vietnam. The City of Da Nang with its current population of approximately 875,000 inhabitants is no exception in this respect. GTZ is likely to enhance the implementation of its environmental urban agenda in an integrated manner, especially in relation to public transport and land use integration. A thorough analysis of the different needs and expectations of the male and female target population and staff of intermediaries/ lead implementing agencies (at administrative up to management level) is instrumental for the success of every development cooperation intervention. Determining those differing needs and expectations will be one main objective of the research with particular regards to gender-sensitive land use planning, environmental impact and awareness and transportation.
The project provided Sida information about anti-corruption strategies and analytical tools of various donor and multilateral organisations. It also supported the line organisation in developing and applying approaches and methods that aided Sida in: transitioning from a project based approach to a program approach, introducing a rating system, improving efforts to combat corruption and increasing capacity development.
There is currently a global debate with the development community regarding the relative merits of project type assistance vs budget support. As part of a wider study aimed at demonstrating the importance of project type assistance in conducting ODA funded infrastructure development, Mekong Economics Ltd. was responsible for carrying out a survey designed to investigate the effectiveness of JBICs (formally OECF) assistance in the rehabilitation of National Highways 1 and 5. The effectiveness of the two projects was assessed using the five pillars of the Paris Declaration as a framework (Ownership, Alignment, Harmonisation, Managing for Development Results and Mutual Accountability). The study was created by combining the results from government and stakeholder interviews with existing data in order to provide an insight into the effectiveness of carrying out the two projects through project type assistance.
The impact evaluation project was a comprehensive post-evaluation of the Swedish Bai Bang paper mill project that began in the 1970s and ended in 1996. The project was reviewed for economic sustainability, technical efficiency, and provincial and nationwide socio-economic impact. The final report was published by SIDA in Stockholm.
This was a multi-country study to determine the impact of general budget support as an aid modality. Countries covered were Burkina Faso, Malawi, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Rwanda, Uganda and Vietnam. GBS was studied in terms of donor harmonization, transactions costs, allocative efficiency and accountability, and impact on public administration, poverty and macroeconomic stability.
The program was designed with a rights-based approach to poverty alleviation by means of promoting participation, grassroots democracy and transparency. The The Chia Se Program included four different projects, one national project and three provincial projects (in the Ha Giang, Yen Bai and Quang Tri provinces). The role of the Sida Advisory Team (SAT) was to function as professional advisors to Sida in order to strengthen the quality of Sida follow-up activities in rural development. Quality was interpreted in a wide sense including technical, institutional and managerial aspects. The SAT provided advice to the Embassy of Sweden in regards to the long-term reduction of poverty, a rights-based approach to development, and improved donor coordination and harmonization.
Despite a decrease in poverty in all regions of Vietnam over the previous ten years, the reduction was not evenly distributed between different groups and places - poverty remained a largely rural phenomenon, and was particularly pronounced among ethnic minority groups. The aim of the Northern Mountains Poverty Reduction Project (NMPRP) was to target six rural provinces in Vietnam’s Northern Mountain Region with two main objectives; to reduce poverty and strengthen participatory management at the commune level (in the provinces). The project will invest in 44 districts in the six provinces, benefiting approx. one million, of whom 85% will be ethnic minorities.
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