The Development Objective of Seed Component was sustainable growth in productivity and farm household income from qualitative and quantitative improvements in agricultural production and marketing, with special focus on the poor, women and ethnic minorities. The component had two immediate objectives; a) sustainable growth in production, supply, and use of high quality food crop seeds, and b) improved economic efficiency in the production, marketing and use of food crop seeds. This project made an overall assessment of the Seed Component in relation to development and its immediate objectives, as well as other issues (i.e. environmental, sectoral, gender, ethnic minorities).

The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) had been working with the Rural Poverty and Environment (RPE) initiative within IDRC to develop a research agenda that supports poor, rural households to engage more successfully with global economic processes. The ODI managed the implementation of a research theme which aimed to integrate poverty and environmental concerns into value chain analysis. This research involved supporting researchers, civil society and entrepreneurs wanting to undertake action research on one or more pro-poor, natural resource-based value chains in disadvantaged regions in Africa and Asia.

The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) undertook extensive planning activities to design three projects focusing on budget support for SME and agricultural development. in the provinces of Soc Trang, Ha Tinh, and Thanh Hoa. Alignment of CIDA funding to the provinces' plans and systems was the program's main strategy. This required significant upfront institutional capacity and risk assessments. MKE collaborated with CIDA and the provinces of ST, HT and TH to conduct capacity and risk assessments. The assessment’s intent was to assist CIDA and its provincial partners in completing the design of their three development initiatives.  It assisted CIDA in: 1) furthering its understanding of PFM in Vietnam, in particular at the provincial level; 2) assessing the provinces’ capacity to carry out its main public financial management functions; and 3) assessing the associated fiduciary risks in each provincial context.  

The assessment of the provinces of Soc Trang and Ha Tinh was carried out to assess the functional capacities of the key provincial organizations for delivering provincial programming in key areas identified. The assessment also determined how CIDA could best strengthen the provincial functional capacity to meet their objectives and expected results in specific areas identified for support (i.e. public financial management, small-scale infrastructures, small and medium enterprises – SME development, agriculture and rural livelihoods).

The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) undertook extensive planning activities to design three projects focusing on budget support for SME and agricultural development. in the provinces of Soc Trang, Ha Tinh, and Thanh Hoa. Alignment of CIDA funding to the provinces' plans and systems was the program's main strategy. This required significant upfront institutional capacity and risk assessments. MKE collaborated with CIDA and the provinces of ST, HT and TH to conduct capacity and risk assessments. The assessment’s intent was to assist CIDA and its provincial partners in completing the design of their three development initiatives.  It assisted CIDA in: 1) furthering its understanding of PFM in Vietnam, in particular at the provincial level; 2) assessing the provinces’ capacity to carry out its main public financial management functions; and 3) assessing the associated fiduciary risks in each provincial context.  

The assessment of the provinces of Soc Trang and Ha Tinh was carried out to assess the functional capacities of the key provincial organizations for delivering provincial programming in key areas identified. The assessment also determined how CIDA could best strengthen the provincial functional capacity to meet their objectives and expected results in specific areas identified for support (i.e. public financial management, small-scale infrastructures, small and medium enterprises – SME development, agriculture and rural livelihoods).

Despite a decrease in poverty in all regions of Vietnam over the previous ten years, the reduction was not evenly distributed between different groups and places - poverty remained a largely rural phenomenon, and was particularly pronounced among ethnic minority groups. The aim of the Northern Mountains Poverty Reduction Project (NMPRP) was to target six rural provinces in Vietnam’s Northern Mountain Region with two main objectives; to reduce poverty and strengthen participatory management at the commune level (in the provinces). The project will invest in 44 districts in the six provinces, benefiting approx. one million, of whom 85% will be ethnic minorities.

The aim of the Northern Mountains Poverty Reduction Project (NMPRP) was to target six rural provinces in Vietnam’s Northern Mountain Region with two main objectives: to reduce poverty, and to strengthen participatory management at the commune level (in the provinces. The project invests in 44 districts in the six provinces, benefiting approximately one million people, of whom 85% are ethnic minorities. 

About one third of the Vietnamese population lives below the poverty line, and 85% of the poor live in rural areas. The primary expenditure instrument used by the Government of Vietnam to improve rural incomes has been subsidized irrigation investments. Irrigation accounts for about half of all public expenditures in the agricultural sector, and three-quarters of all capital investments. The primary question posed by this study is: how effective are public irrigation expenditures in increasing rural incomes, particularly for the poor?