The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) had been working with the Rural Poverty and Environment (RPE) initiative within IDRC to develop a research agenda that supports poor, rural households to engage more successfully with global economic processes. The ODI managed the implementation of a research theme which aimed to integrate poverty and environmental concerns into value chain analysis. This research involved supporting researchers, civil society and entrepreneurs wanting to undertake action research on one or more pro-poor, natural resource-based value chains in disadvantaged regions in Africa and Asia.